- Low rambling, twining shrub with climbing or drooping branches
- Pale, somewhat rough bark
- Greenish-white flowers in July, brown fruit
- Shiny, green, egg shaped leaves with toothed edges
- East and west coast of central and south Florida;
- Coastal beach and dune vegetation, coastal hammocks;
- Tropical hardwood forests.
Reasons it should be removed:
- It can form a thick mat of tangling stems which are virtually impenetrable;
- Its climbing growth allows it to grow over the native vegetation canopy and can shade out native flora;
- Replaces communities of buttonwood, mangrove and mangrove fringe communities.
Method of removal:
- Manual removal of plant;
- Follow up visits are necessary to assure removal.
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